The Forbidden City, considered one of the five most important palaces in the world, is a giant Imperial Palace used until the Ming Dynasty and the last period of the Gypsy Dynasty. According to legend, in ancient times, it was believed that the Chinese Emperor was “the son of Heaven” and therefore had the superior power of heaven. Since the Emperor’s residence in the world was also considered the center of the world, all the structures of the Forbidden City were arranged on the north-south and central axis of Beijing, in the middle of the city.
Built by Ming Emperor Yongle from 1406 to 1420, this magnificent wooden building with 8704 rooms, built on an area of 780 thousand square meters, has been home to 14 emperors throughout its history. The palace was so divine that it was forbidden to ordinary people. That’s why it was called the Forbidden City. In order to ensure the security of the Emperor of China, the city was surrounded by a 10-meter high wall, and a magnificent watchtower was erected on every corner. In addition, water-filled ditches were dug behind the walls as the first line of defense.
This magnificent museum, which was listed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1987, exhibits hundreds of important works of Chinese history and culture today. When you want to visit the museum, you will have different tour options for your time and curiosity. If you want to be a closer witness to the Secret World of emperors, you should prefer a day trip where you can get more in-depth information rather than a typical short-term tour. On this tour, you will have the opportunity to visit the vast majority of galleries and courtyards, where you can see the characteristics of Fengshui philosophy adopted in the decoration of the Palace Chambers.
The museum’s daily visitors are limited to 80,000, so you must make a reservation before your visit.